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ISEM学术论坛[94] Economies of Scale and Heterogeneity in the Provision of Public Goods

题目:Economies of Scale and Heterogeneity in the Provision of Public Goods: Evidence from School Consolidation in China
报告人: Xiang Ma (Assistant Professor, Jinan University)
报告时间:2017年3月30日(周四) 1:30 pm
地点:国际经管学院会议室(诚明楼三层)
主办方:国际经济管理学院


摘要:
This paper examines the trade-offs faced by central decision-makers responsible for delivering local public goods. From 2000 to 2010, China closed more than 50% of its primary schools. While smaller and academically weaker schools were closed and students' test scores increased, students and their families paid additional costs due to a longer home-to-school commute post school closure. This paper builds and estimates a structural model of local governments' decision-making to understand these stylized facts and to recover the preferences of local authorities. I pay particular attention to cases when there may be heterogeneous productivity across schools, increasing returns in schooling production, and home-to-school commuting costs. The estimation shows that schools that were closed had lower mean productivity. Some very small schools with relatively high productivity were also closed. I use a moment-inequalities approach to estimating bounds on the weight local governments placed on the cost to families attending a more distant school. The very low upper bound of this estimate implies that distance cost was under-weighted in local governments' decision.

报告人简介:Xiang Ma is an Assistant professor of Economics at Jinan University.  He works mainly on development economics.  For more information, please refer to  https://sites.google.com/site/xiangma6/

(日期:2017-03-29 作者: 来源:)